The island of Crete is delineated by big mountain ranges that cross the island and derive it into the northern and the southern part, reaching heights between 1.200 and up to 2.456 meters. This is the reason why there are no valleys formed but only sloping plantations lying on hillsides.
The biggest part of the vineyards lies in the north-oriented slopes of the mountains, which play the role of the physical fence that protects the vineyards from the warm south winds blowing from the Libyan Sea.
The Cretan climate is characterized by mild winters of high humidity and warm, dry summers. The mountains, combined with the Cretan sea breeze, offer cool winds to the vineyards during the warm months of the summer, extending the ripening process of the grapes and resulting in the creation of unique aromas as well as in the good balance between sugars and acidity.
The mild Cretan climate and the intense sunshine duration that prevails during the crucial ripening period, plus the low rainfall rate, are the fundamental stones for the production of the typical high quality wines in Crete.
The soils of the Peza zone overall are very diverse to their characteristics. Their colour is light brown while in some cases red. Their content in calcium is considered high to medium, this occurring due to their calcareous origin. Generally, there are no soils poor in calcium in the area.
The soils of the vineyards area are mostly clayey, sandy-clay but also calcareous.
Because of their diversity, we also meet sandy or sandy-clayey soils.
The same diversity applies on the surface. There are territories that are flat surfaced, horizontal or inclined, sometimes so inclined making it difficult to cultivate them. In general, vines are cultivated mainly on slopes or in small horizontal pieces of land, this being the main characteristic of the cultivating areas.